Surface Web, Deep Web and Dark Web,
Did you ever heard these terms before!!
These are the three layers of world wide web. Let’s discuss Surface Web, Deep Web and Dark Web in detail.
What is world wide web or WWW
Worldwide web is an information space where data, documents, and other resources are identified by world wide web and that can be accessed by internet. Worldwide web is invented by Tim Berners Lee in 1989. Worldwide web is the primary tool for the people to access the internet. The web pages on the world wide web are interlinked by hypertext links. Hyper-Links helps users to navigate between web pages. Multiple web pages under a common domain make a website.
Layers of World Wide Web
There are three layers of World wide web.
1. Surface Web – the Surface web is the visible part of world wide web. Normal search engines can find and index data from the surface web.
2. Deep Web – The Deep web is the invisible part of world wide web. Normal search engines cannot find and index data from the deep web.
3. Dark Web – Dark web is also an invisible part of the world wide web. The dark web allows users and website operators to remain anonymous.
1. Surface Web
Surface web is the only visible portion of world wide web. Websites or data on the surface web can be indexed by normal search engines. Surface web is a small part of world wide web and it is the only accessible part for the public. Example of surface websites includes normal websites like google, facebook, youtube, twitter etc. Websites on the surface web normally uses domains like .com, .org, .in, .ae, .club etc. No special configuration required to access the surface web. Surface web only consists 4% of the total world wide web.
2. Deep Web
The deep web is the invisible part of the web, so it is also known as the hidden web. Contents on the deep web are not indexed by normal search engines like google. In general deep web is just opposite to surface web because it is not accessible to the public. Deep web normally uses for banking, cloud storage, webmail or other payment services. The content on the deep web or hidden web is hidden behind HTTPS protocol. Content from the deep web can be accessed by an IP address or direct URLs, Which may be password protected or may need other security access.
3. Dark Web
Dark web is a part of the deep web and it is also an invisible part of the web. Visitors or Website operators need separate software or configurations to access the dark web. Tor browser is one of the tools to access the dark web. Visitors remain anonymous on the Dark Web. Websites on the dark web use .onion domain which can be accessed through Tor browser.
Most of the illegal activities on the web takes place on the dark web, like gambling, drugs, child pornography, weapons etc. A major part of the transactions takes place on the dark web by using cryptocurrency like bitcoin. Most of the hackers also use the dark web.96 % of the total world wide web consumed by deep web and dark web.